What is Medical Waste?
The World Health Organization classified medical waste into eight categories:
|Infectious||Waste that may transmit infection from virus, bacterial, parasites to human (e.g. lab cultures, tissues, swabs, equipment and excreta)|
|Sharps||Sharp waste, such as needle, scalpels, knives, blades|
|Pathological||Human tissue or fluids (body parts, blood, other body fluids)|
|Radioactive||Unused liquid in radiotherapy or lab research, contaminated glassware, etc.|
|Chemical||Expired lab reagents, film developer, disinfectant|
|Pharmaceuticals||Expired and contaminated medicines|
|Pressurized containers||Gas cylinders and gas cartridges|
|General waste (UMW)||No risk to human health because no blood or any related bodily fluid (office paper, wrapper, kitchen waste, general sweeping, etc.)|
You need to know what type of medical waste your facility generates so that you can learn how to dispose of it properly.
What Types of Facilities Generate Medical Waste?
Primary health centers
Blood donation centers
Gyms and pools
What Are the Dangers of Improper Medical Waste Disposal?
Pathological wastes may contain dangerous or communicable diseases, and laboratory cultures may contain high concentrations of infectious agents. Hospital staff, patients and anyone else entering the facility is at risk.
Sharps can inject infectious agents directly into the bloodstream.
Hazardous chemicals and drugs put anyone who needs to handle them at risk.
Disposable medical items can be repackaged by miscreants and sold, often without even being washed.
Drugs that have been disposed of can be packaged by corrupt dealers and sold to unsuspecting buyers.
The air, water and soil will be polluted, directly by the waste or by defective incineration emissions.
What Are the Advantages of Proper Medical Waste Disposal?
Proper disposal done by experts is the most important way to prevent the spread of microorganisms and bacteria that cause diseases and infections. The risks to staff, patients, and visitors are minimized, and the facility is free of unclean-looking areas and unpleasant odors.
It prevents the spread of hepatitis, HIV, and other viral diseases that are communicated through sweat, blood, body fluids and contaminated organs via syringes, needles and IV sets.
It protects our planet.
Call Maine Medical Waste Disposal first for DOT compliant biohazard transportation and disposal: 866-331-7731.